• 7 Basic Computer Parts

    by Jacky • January 7, 2008 • Computer Help • 15 Comments

    Personal computer sales have been growing at a pretty good clip over the last ten years. Just like televisions, you will find that the average American household has at least two computers or a computer and a computer game console. In spite of the sales of computers, there are still some people out there who want to know more about a computer to be able to understand it better and get more out of its use. Knowing a bit more about a computer can also help a computer user when they need to get help from tech support when something does not work right.

    As a little introduction or a refresher to computers, we will present some basic computer tips and information. Below are 7 basic parts that make up a computer. Even though there are many add ons that make up a computer , here are the simple and basic components that a computer must have.

    • Motherboard
    • CPU – Central Procession Unit
    • RAM – Random Access Memory
    • Hard Disk Drive – Hard Drive
    • Monitor
    • Keyboard
    • Mouse

    The four items listed at the top of the list, are located inside of the computer housing, also known as the case. The case is the box that you would plug your monitor keyboard mouse and printer into.


    The motherboard is like the engine of an automobile. It provides support for the internal components and also passes information between the computer parts. Just like an engine in a car which interacts with the spark plugs, pistons and fuel, the motherboard is the block that the other components plug into. If the motherboard is the engine, and like most modern cars today there is a brain. On a computer you could say the CPU is the brain.

    Cpu in Socket

    CPU – Most of the mathematical manipulations that make computers operate are done by the CPU. Other components like high performance graphic cards, may also have their own processors, but their results still have to be passed through the CPU. The speed of the computer is usually measured by the speed of the CPU. Even though other factors also affect overall speed, the CPU rating is generally seen as the single most important measure of performance. For instance, 3-D computer games would run better on a computer with a higher CPU rating than a computer used mostly for office applications that have a lower CPU rating. CPU in most computers today, are usually rated between 2.0 GHz and 3.0 GHz allowing for a wider range of computer programs from computer games to movies. This measurement refer to the number of calculations the processor can make in 1 second. The higher the number, the faster (better) the computer. CPUs generate a lot of heat doing this work, so they need a heat sink and fan attached to them to keep them from overheating.Heatsink and fan

    Heat is a major enemy of the computer and directly affects its life span.

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    About Jacky


    15 Responses to 7 Basic Computer Parts

    1. Sheila
      September 28, 2009 at 7:12 am

      I stripped a computer power cord. Is the bright goldish looking color made up of brass or cooper?


    2. Jacky
      October 8, 2009 at 3:52 pm

      There are so many “computer cords” made all over the world. It would be inaccurate to try and determine the composition of any component or cable without knowing all of it’s characteristics, such as manufacturer, date of manufacture and other info. The power cord used on many computers today are quite universal and are used on other devices.

      January 22, 2010 at 6:29 am

      thanks for your co-operation over internet

    4. February 21, 2010 at 11:58 pm

      how to do prepare that laptop particles.can you show me that particle settings please how to design that particles.how to run that system show me then i will prepare that settings.

    5. June 6, 2010 at 2:30 pm

      Nice post, found your blog the other day on Yahoo you seem to talk a lot of sense!

    6. Erkki B Mayora
      October 14, 2010 at 8:29 am

      i am a presently a student of the University Of Belize. I am trying to build my own compute4r but i need to know exactly how and were the parts go and stuff like that. i have all the parts needed but i still cant make it work. can you please send me a diagram or something that would help me.? thanks a lot.

    7. Jacky
      October 15, 2010 at 12:36 pm

      Will be posting a diagram this weekend! Hope it will be helpful in your endeavor. Check back with Techmotion1.com shortly for a diagram of pc layout!

    8. January 17, 2011 at 12:54 pm

      Perfect work you have done, this site is really cool with excellent info .

    9. Ray
      March 9, 2011 at 6:16 am

      I think I don’t need to ask pc experts with this info.

    10. GK
      March 17, 2011 at 8:16 am

      you can buy all the components parts of a computer online or any outlet.
      Make sure that you are buying a genuine components and are sealed.

    11. kate
      May 19, 2012 at 1:21 am

      like the service that is provided

    12. shafi khan
      June 10, 2013 at 8:22 pm

      i want to know very deeply about computer parts

    13. hansraj
      May 29, 2014 at 3:02 am

      i have computer nolej so you have nolej me computer parts names

    14. George William
      October 18, 2014 at 2:33 am

      what is the name of the liquid/paste on top of the CPU

    15. Jacky
      October 19, 2014 at 4:17 pm

      Thank you for visiting. The paste that you are asking about is thermal compound, thermal grease or thermal paste, to use a few names. It is used on the cpu between the heatsink and fan to allow the heat from cpu to transfer to heatsink properly.

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